Don’t Homophone It In

Last week we introduced you to the occasionally frustrating but always fascinating world of Chinese homophones. This week we’re back with five more funny, sassy and potentially embarrassing Chinese homophones you definitely need to know!  And of course, our helpful suggestions for how to ensure you don’t get them mixed up!

  1. Northwestern Geography

shānxī山西 (province in NW China) vs. shǎnxī 陕西 (province in NW China, sometimes rendered as “Shaanxi”)

If you’ve ever looked at a map of China, you probably noticed the Chinese proclivity for naming provinces after a direction and a geographical feature. There’s Húběi (North of the Lake) and Húnán (South of the Lake), Héběi (North of the River) and Hénán (South of the River), Shāndōng (East of the Mountain) and Shānxī (West of the Mountain)…ok you get the picture. However, shānxī and shǎnxī are particularly tricky, in part because they’re located literally right beside each other.

chinese homophones

And even if you never make it to these two particular provinces (although you totally should, they have amazing barbeque and some top-notch historical sites) it’s worth knowing the difference since many Chinese cities have streets named after other Chinese cities and provinces. Yikes.

Alternate Hacks: Capitals

If you can’t remember the tones and are having a hard time explaining which Shanxi you’re referring to, you can specify them by making reference to their provincial capitals. “Shǎnxī陕西” province’s capital is the ancient city and former national capital “Xī’ān 西安”, while that of “Shānxī山西” province is the ancient city and former national capital “Tàiyuán 太原”. Ok sorry…I guess Northwestern Chinese geography is just really hard. Just try and remember that the Terracotta Warriors are in “Shǎnxī陕西”.

chinese homophones
chinese homophones

我下个月打算去陕西旅行。

wǒ xià gè yuè dǎsuàn qù shǎnxī lǚxíng.

I’m planning to go sightseeing in Shǎnxī next month.

 

陕西或者山西

shǎnxī huòzhě shānxī?

Shǎnxī or Shānxī?

 

有西安的那个省。

yǒu xī’ān de nàgè shěng.

The province with Xī’ān.

  1. Day Drinking

hēzhōu喝粥 (to drink rice porridge) vs. hējiǔ 喝酒 (to drink alcohol)

Rice porridge, or “zhōu粥”, is the staple of many a Chinese breakfast, but when spoken quickly or unclearly it can sound like “jiǔ酒” or alcohol. This is a real danger since both are often preceded by the verb “hē喝” (to drink). To make sure you don’t get drunk at breakfast or end up being handed a bowl of hot rice porridge next time you want an ice cold beer, make sure you know both the tone and pinyin variation between these two.

Alternate Hacks:  Types of porridge/alcohol, measure words

One way to make yourself clear is to specify what kind of alcohol/rice porridge you want. Generally, this should make it obvious what you’re talking about.

我要喝酒

wǒ yào hējiǔ.

I want a drink.

 

我们没有

wǒmen méiyǒu zhōu.

We don’t have any rice porridge.

 

不是,我要喝啤酒

búshì wǒ yào hēpíjiǔ.

No, I want a beer.

chinese homophones
chinese homophones

However, keep in mind that the most common type of rice porridge is “báizhōu白粥” (made with white rice, although often garnished with other ingredients). In addition to being a common breakfast item, báizhōu is commonly fed to babies, the elderly and the sick. Unfortunately, this sounds somewhat like China’s favorite liquor, “báijiǔ白酒”. This potent spirit, usually around 52% ABV, has been the cause of many a blackout, so be careful! Ironically, drinking too much báijiǔ might land you in the hospital, where they will probably end up feeding you báizhōu while you recover! Just remember, “zhōu粥” is usually served by the bowl (wǎn碗), while” jiǔ酒” is ordered by the bottle (píng瓶).

我要喝白粥

wǒ yào hē báizhōu.

I want to drink some white rice porridge.

 

这么早就想喝白酒

zhème zǎo jiù xiǎng hēbáijiǔ

You want to drink báijiǔ this early?

 

不对,我想点一碗白粥

búduì wǒ xiǎng diǎn yìwǎn báizhōu.

No, I want to order a bowl of white rice porridge.

  1. Love Boat

shàngchuán上船  (to board a boat/ship) vs. shàngchuáng上床 (lit. to go to bed, also to sleep with someone)

Here’s one for all you sailors out there. In both cases, “shàng上” acts as a verb meaning to “get on” something, either a boat or a bed. Chuán and chuáng sound quite similar, especially given that they’re both in the third tone. “Shàngchuáng上床” can mean just to go to bed, but if you talk about doing it with someone else, it has the same meaning as “to sleep with someone” in English (i.e. not actually sleeping).

chinese homophones
chinese homophones

这个船很棒,是你的吗?

zhè ge chuán hěn bàng, shì nǐ de ma?

What an amazing boat, is it yours?

 

没错,要不要跟我上船

méicuò yàobúyào gēn wǒ shàngchuán?

Sure is, would you like to come aboard with me?

 

你太过分!我不管你的船有多好,我不会跟你上床

nǐtàiguòfèn! wǒ bù guǎn nǐ de chuán yǒu duō hǎo,wǒ bú huì gēn nǐ shàngchuáng!

You’re way out of line! No matter how nice your boat is I’m still not going to sleep with you!

Alternate Hacks:  Synonyms

To avoid any unintended implications, you can also use “zuòchuán坐船” (travel/take a boat).

  1. That Don’t Impress Me Much

yǐngxiǎng影响 (verb= influence/affect, noun= influence/effect) vs. yìnxiàng印象 (impression)

Not only do these two sound alike, but both can act as nouns that have a somewhat similar meaning. However, “yǐngxiǎng影响” can also act as a verb while “yìnxiàng印象” cannot.

Alternate Hacks: Collocations & Set Phrases

Like many words in Chinese, both yǐngxiǎng影响 and yìnxiàng印象 are most often seen used in specific contexts and paired with certain words.

Overall, yǐngxiǎng影响 is more flexible in its usage. As a verb it means something like affect or influence, but almost always with a negative connotation.

Instagram影响很多学生的学习。

Instagram yǐngxiǎng hěnduō xuéshēng dexuéxí.

Instagram disturbs many students from their studies.

 

影响工作

yǐngxiǎng gōngzuò

interfere with work.

 

影响质量.

yǐngxiǎngzhìliàng.

impair the quality of

When used as a noun however, it has a more neutral connotation.

对他有影响

duì tā yǒu yǐngxiǎng

Have an influence on him.

 

经济影响

jīngjì yǐngxiǎng

economic influence

chinese homophones

On the other hand, yìnxiàng印象 is more likely to have a positive connotation, meaning something like “impression”.

长城给我留下深刻印象

chángchéng gěi wǒ liú xià shēnkè yìnxiàng.

The Great Wall left a deep impression on me.

 

最初的印象

zuìchū de yìnxiàng

first impressions

chinese homophones

  1. Heart Shaped Suitcase

xīnli心里 (in the heart; on one’s mind) vs. xíngli行李 (luggage)

These two places where you put important things might sound similar at first, but you put very different kinds of things in each. Xīnli心里, literally inside one’s heart, is not as dramatic as it sounds in English and simply means that you are thinking about or feeling something.

心里有事

xīnli yǒu shì

have something on one’s mind

 

记在心里

jì zài xīnli

keep something in mind

chinese homophones

Alternate Hacks: object

Usually, it should be possible to clarify which one you are talking about based on the kind of things you are putting in each. Remember that in Chinese there are two ways of saying “thing”, one for physical objects (dōngxī东西) and one for figurative things (shìqing事情).

行李有东西

xíngli yǒu dōngxī

have things in your suitcase

Keep in mind that you cannot say:

心里有东西

xīnli yǒu dōngxī

chinese homophones

Homophones FTW

Ok so apart from not embarrassing yourself, why should you pay attention to homophones? For one thing, you’ll find they’re at the root of a lot of Chinese humor and wordplay. Before long, you’ll notice homophone-based humor everywhere: in advertising, in WeChat conversations, and above all else on the Chinese internet. As your Chinese improves, so will your understanding of Chinese puns, and before long you’ll be cracking up (and impressing) your Chinese friends with Mandarin wordplay of your own!

chinese homophones

Interested in learning more about Chinese puns and wordplay? Check out our previous articles on Chinese internet slang here and here!

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